2 edition of Evaluating fertilizer subsidies in developing countries found in the catalog.
Evaluating fertilizer subsidies in developing countries
Dana G. Dalrymple
by Office of Policy Development and Analysis, Bureau for Program and Policy Coordination in Washington
Written in English
Includes bibliographical references.
|Statement||Dana G. Dalrymple.|
|Series||A.I.D. discussion paper ; no. 30|
|Contributions||United States. Agency for International Development. Office of Policy Development and Analysis.|
|LC Classifications||HC59.A15 U5 no. 30, HD9483.A2 U5 no. 30|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vi, 64 p. :|
|Number of Pages||64|
|LC Control Number||75603173|
Farm input subsidies are assumed to improve agricultural production and productivity for small resource poor farmers in developing countries by promoting the use of improved farm inputs, mainly inorganic fertilizers and hybrid seeds. This is expected to contribute to increased income from produce sales, improved food security at household and national levels, and consequently, . Trends in Fertilizer Subsidies Both intensity of fertilizer usage in terms of nutrients per hectare area and the extent of fertilization as measured by the ratio of fertilized area to total cropped area in many developing countries including India are lower than developed countries. However, fertilizer.
The article controls for potential endogeneity caused by the nonrandom targeting of fertilizer subsidy recipients. Results show that on average 1 additional kilogram of subsidized fertilizer crowds out kg of commercial fertilizer, but crowding out ranges from among the poorest farmers to among relatively nonpoor farmers. Introduction to Innovation Policy for Developing Countries (Self-paced) • Module 5: Monitoring and evaluation systems for innovation policies. Through this module, participants will gain an understanding of the role of these systems in the national innovation framework, and what policies can be used to create effective monitoring and.
The purpose of this chapter is to review country experiences with promoting health through fiscal policies and to examine the usefulness and success of these policies. The chapter considers both the role of fiscal policies in the production of health and the effect of these policies on the well-being of the economy—fiscal policy for health and healthy fiscal policy. 1 1The idea of healthy. Evaluating Nairobi: Impacts on trade, food security, and development In terms of export subsidies, both the book and the presentations highlight the fact that the use of subsidies has actually declined significantly since the s, when the European Union alone spent more than 10 billion euros a year to subsidize agricultural exports.
The hidden cost of AIDS
Text & manuscript in medieval Spain
Non-traditional family forms in the 1970s.
Eddies Green Thumb
Nevv-England pesecutors [sic] mauled vvith their own vveapons.
The Best of The Editors Desk
Advances in clinical child psychology.
Marriage and the family
Half Moon Street
Evaluating fertilizer subsidies in developing countries. Washington: Office of Policy Development and Analysis, Bureau for Program and Policy Coordination, (OCoLC) Online version: Dalrymple, Dana G.
Evaluating fertilizer subsidies in developing countries. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Fertilizer subsidies in developing countries. Muscle Shoals, Ala.: International Fertilizer Development Center, Output price support and input subsidies, particularly fertilizer subsidies, are used in many developing countries as short-term policies for stimulating food production.
This paper presents a method of evaluating combined price support and fertilizer subsidy policies, allowing for differences in Cited by: 3. physically available.
In such cases, fertilizer subsidies would be economically justified to address the market failures and poor incentives faced by some farmers. It is recognized that SSA displays a combination of high soil nutrient deficits and very low fertilizer use (3% of global fertilizer consumption; 7 kg/ha versus > kg/ha in Asia)File Size: KB.
Evaluating the Fertilizer Subsidy Reforms in t he Rice Production countries, OECD analysis prices and argue that eliminating subsidies can c ause the fertilizer price to rise less. Coady D, Grosh M, Hoddinott J (). Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries: Review of Experience and Lessons, Social Safety Net primer series, Social Protection Anchor.
View: Crawford EW, Jayne TS, Kelly AV (). Alternative Approaches for Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa. Agriculture and Rural Development discussion paper Subsidies create spillover effects in other economic sectors and industries. A subsidized product sold in the world market lowers the price of the good in other countries.
Since subsidies result in lower revenues for producers of foreign countries, they are a source of tension between the United States, Europe and poorer developing countries. scale subsidies inwhen it began distributing free fertilizer to farmers (Banful, b).
Other countries, such as Nigeria, Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Ghana soon followed Malawi’s example. InAbuja, Nigeria, hosted the Africa Fertilizer Summit under the auspices of the African Union (AU), the. Fertilizer Evaluation for Rice Griffith, New South Wales, Australia April reduce fertilizer subsidies.
World N consumption was least affected, with an Although the use of these fertilizers in the developing countries doubled. Alternatively input subsidies may be provided to input suppliers (India, for example, has used fertilizer subsidies to domestic producers to develop and protect its fertilizer industry, Fan et al., ).
The effects of this on the input market depend upon input supply elasticity, and this in turn will depend upon the structure, conduct, and. Negative environmental impacts of fertilizer can be because of overapplication (e.g., water pollution) or suboptimal or nonuse (e.g., nutrient mining and land degradation) of the fertilizer.
For most of the developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the negative effects of suboptimal or nonuse of fertilizer are more common.
Recent years have seen a resurgent interest in large scale input subsidies, and particularly fertilizer subsidies, in agricultural development and food security policies in Africa.
Very high global grain prices in the first part of appeared to make such subsidies even more attractive, but this was complicated by even more dramatic rises in. Fertilizer producer pricing in developing countries: issues and approaches (English) Abstract.
This paper focusses on the setting of ex-factory prices for the producers of fertilizers in the developing world. Regardless of whether prices are determined by the free market or by an official agency, to be economically optimal they should perform. Fertilizer producer pricing in developing countries: issues and approaches (Inglês) Resumo.
This paper focusses on the setting of ex-factory prices for the producers of fertilizers in the developing world. Regardless of whether prices are determined by the free market or by an official agency, to be economically optimal they should perform.
Fertilizer and other input subsidies have been a prominent component of agricultural policies in many Asian and African countries since the s.
The COVID pandemic offers countries an opportunity to build recovery plans that will reverse current trends and change our consumption and production patterns towards a more sustainable future. be incurred, even if taxes are levied in a non-distorting manner. Moreover, developing countries in particular may face difficult administrative hurdles in collecting revenue to be disbursed as subsidies.
Similarly, identifying recipients of subsidies and implementing subsidy programmes are also not without their costs. taken together. First a comment: Developed countries do not directly subsidize fertilizer use: distorting, inefficient, and unjustified to remedy market failures.
And there are negative environmental externalities to encourage fertilizer “overuse.” In fact, in various developed countries fertilizer is taxed. The latest Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation report shows that the 54 countries studied provided USD billion (EUR billion) annually to support their agricultural sectors during the period, while at the same time six of the countries implicitly taxed their producers to the tune of USD 89 billion (EUR 78 billion) per.
Fertilizer Production, Sub-Saharan Africa, – 87 Phased Development of Fertilizer Supply 89 Tables Fertilizer Use Intensity and Growth by Developing Region, and 17 Estimated Soil Nutrient Losses,African Countries, –04 Cropping Seasons 20 Fertilizer Use Intensity, Selected African Countries. An agricultural subsidy (also called an agricultural incentive) is a government incentive paid to agribusinesses, agricultural organizations and farms to supplement their income, manage the supply of agricultural commodities, and influence the cost and supply of such es of such commodities include: wheat, feed grains (grain used as fodder, such as maize or corn, sorghum.Fertilizer Subsidies.
Fertilizer subsidies are also found in many developing countries. They are relatively easy to administer when fertilizer is either imported or produced by a small number of domestic enterprises. In many countries, fertilizer subsidies have been used to encourage use of high-yield varieties of rice and wheat.
On the other hand, many agricultural scientists argue that increasing fertilizer use is the key to increasing productivity in agriculture and that subsidies may be necessary to do so as the use of improved seeds and fertilizer contributed to large productivity gains in many parts of the developing world over the last 50 years.